Acropolis and Parthenon
Acropolis is a large rock that lies within the city of Athens.
Dating to 3,500 B.C. the area was selected by the ancient people
because it offered security against attacks. The Acropolis eventually
grew to become the center of Athens for both its people and politics.
The Parthenon, the large ruin atop the Acropolis, is dedicated
to the goddess of Athens: Pallas Athena. It is, without a doubt,
the most impressive structure remaining on the Acropolis today
and familiar to virtually everyone around the world.
had begun in 480 B.C., but the Persians invaded Athens and destroyed
the temple. Defeating the Persians Pericles, who ruled from 449
to 429 B.C., began the rebuilding of the great temple to the goddess
Pallas Athena. The temple was rebuilt on its original spot between
477 and 438 B.C. by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates and
supervised by Phidias, a famous Athenian sculptor.
a detailed history of the Acropolis and Parthenon click on the
of the Acropolis